thinking

mąstymas statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis Tikrovės prieštaravimų, neaiškumų supratimu grindžiamas psichinis procesas, kai sprendžiamas teorinis ar praktinis uždavinys pertvarkant, papildant turimą informaciją. Skiriamos šios svarbiausios mąstymo rūšys: veiksminis, vaizdinis, sąvokinis. Įvairūs prieštaravimai, filologiniai, matematiniai, pedagoginiai, praktiniai ir kt. uždaviniai sprendžiami mąstymo operacijomis: analize, sinteze, abstrakcija, generalizacija, konkretizacija, lyginimu, konvergencija (vieno teisingo, geresnio ar įprastesnio atsakymo radimas), divergencija (mąstymas įvairiomis kryptimis ką nors tiriant ar randant skirtumą), vertinimu (kokybės, reikšmingumo, teisingumo, adekvatumo ir panašių verčių nustatymas). Reproduktyvus mąstymas pertvarko informaciją pagal turimas žinias, simbolius, ženklus. Aukščiausia produktyvaus mąstymo forma – kritinis ir kūrybinis mąstymas. Šio proceso metu sukuriami originalūs, nauji dalykai. Mokinių kūrybiniu mąstymu paprastai kuriami mokiniams nauji, bet mokslui žinomi dalykai. Tačiau yra moksleivių, studentų, kurie sukuria ką nors reikšminga visuomenei, mokslui, technikai. Kūrybinio mąstymo lavinimas – šių dienų mokyklos uždavinys. atitikmenys: angl. thinking vok. Denken rus. мышление ryšiai: dar žiūrėkmąstymo lavinimas dar žiūrėkmąstymo vystymasis

Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas. 2007.

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  • Thinking — Think ing, n. The act of thinking; mode of thinking; imagination; cogitation; judgment. [1913 Webster] I heard a bird so sing, Whose music, to my thinking, pleased the king. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thinking — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ using thought or rational judgement; intelligent. ► NOUN ▪ a person s ideas or opinions. ● put on one s thinking cap Cf. ↑put on one s thinking cap …   English terms dictionary

  • thinking — [thiŋ′kiŋ] adj. 1. that thinks or can think; rational 2. given to thought; reflective n. the action of one who thinks or the result of such action; thought put on one s thinking cap to begin careful thinking about a problem …   English World dictionary

  • Thinking — Think ing, a. Having the faculty of thought; cogitative; capable of a regular train of ideas; as, man is a thinking being. {Think ing*ly}, adv. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Thinking in C++ — is a book by Bruce Eckel and Chuck Allison about programming in C++.This book is freely downloadable at [http://www.mindview.net/Books/DownloadSites http://www.mindview.net] . Thinking in C++, Vol. 2: Practical Programming, 2nd Edition , Bruce… …   Wikipedia

  • thinking — thinking; un·thinking; …   English syllables

  • thinking — index assumption (supposition), circumspect, cogitative, conviction (persuasion), dialectic, opinion ( …   Law dictionary

  • thinking — {{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}} noun 1 using your mind to think ADJECTIVE ▪ deep, hard, serious ▪ This topic requires a lot of deep thinking. ▪ good ▪ Yes, I ll email her instead that …   Collocations dictionary

  • thinking — think|ing1 [ θıŋkıŋ ] noun uncount 1. ) an opinion or set of ideas: thinking on/about: His thinking on social issues has changed considerably over the years. thinking behind: Can you explain the thinking behind your current proposal?… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • thinking — I UK [ˈθɪŋkɪŋ] / US adjective [only before noun] * able to consider things carefully and understand what is important He insults the intelligence of every thinking person out there. • the thinking man s/woman s/person s... used before the name of …   English dictionary

  • thinking — think|ing1 [ˈθıŋkıŋ] n [U] 1.) your opinion or ideas about something, or your attitude towards it ▪ The Administration s thinking changed as the war progressed. ▪ Well, to my way of thinking (=in my opinion) , they should have done that years ago …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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